Stone Age resource box

 

What’s in my box?

In your box you will find all you need to help bring the Stone Age subject alive and create a 3D display for the children in your class to explore and learn from. This kit really brings the subject alive as the Stone Age becomes something to hold, smell and touch.

Stone hand axe

For thousands of years before metals were discovered, humans made tools from stone and animal bone. They knew how to choose the best type of rock for each tool, and how to create the tool so that it had a sharp edge for cutting and scraping, or a sharp point for piercing. A hand axe is a prehistoric stone tool with 2 faces and has been recorded to be the longest-used tool in human history. It is usually composed of flint or chert but in this modern replica it is made from agate. Very basic, crude forms of this tool can be dated back to as early as the middle of the Palaeolithic periods. Its technical name ‘Biface’ comes from the fact that the tool has had flakes taken off from both sides. Hand axes are formed by pressure or percussion by using a harder stone to make the blows. Hand axe tools were possibly used in five different ways:

Butchering hunted or scavenged animals

Digging for tubers, animals, water

Chopping wood and removing tree bark

Throwing at prey

As a source for making other tools

Agate arrow heads 

Flint was traditionally used to create small sharp pointed arrow heads that would have been fixed onto an arrow shaft using Birch tar, pine resin as well as sinew from animals. Some of these arrow heads would have been made very simply just creating a small pointy triangular piece others would have been more elaborate with extra barbs etc. to increase the chance of puncturing the animal skin and ensuring a quick death for their pray.

Roe Deer hide 

Our Stone Age ancestors were careful not to waste anything especially when it came to an animal they had hunted. The bones, the sinew, the fat, the brain, the stomachs, even the intestine and eyeballs would have been used in some way. One of the most precious parts of the animal after the meat had been processed and the fat rendered, would have been the animals skin and fur. These can be used in many ways. Clothing, shoes, making string, cooking in, making pots and blankets.

Rabbit skin 

Used as above, as-well as for smaller projects like liners for children’s shoes and mittens for the winter.

Antler 

Antler is much harder than bone and was used for making flakers for use in flint knapping, it could have been shaped into knives, spear heads and arrow heads and sharpened to use as an awl for making holes (useful in making clothes and baskets).

Grass cordage

String can be made from a vast range of fibrous materials from nettles to horse hair, bark to grasses. It is made simply by twisting the material together as it coils around itself tightly to form string or rope depending on how thick your material is and the purpose for which it is being made. Thin string would have been made for fishing line and large rope would have been used in building. String and rope would have been a treasured possession.

Fire by friction kit

It wasn’t until humans began to understand how to control fire, better still, how to make fire that they realised the potential. The discovery of fire by early humans was a turning point in human evolution that allowed humans to cook food and obtain warmth and protection. Making fire also allowed the expansion of human activity into the dark and colder hours of the night, and provided protection from predators and insects.

Slate tool 

In Norway slate arrow heads have been found dating back as far as 5000 years ago. Slate would have been used in the later stone Age. Slate is a much softer stone and easier to manipulate then flint but not as robust. Slate could have been used to make knives, spear heads and arrows ground down to shape using sandstone.

A piece of flint 

In some parts of the world flint was precious big or small and in other areas flint would have been plentiful. Toolmakers would begin by choosing a stone of the right shape and material for the tool they planned to make. Then they shaped the tool by chipping flakes from the stone with a hammer-stone or a piece of bone. Sometimes the removed flakes were used as tools. Stone tools would have been used during the Palaeolithic periods but it wasn’t until the Mesolithic times and Neolithic periods that flint work became so intricate and skilled. Tools would have been polished with other stones to make them harder and last longer.

Cost £89.99 plus P&P

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Whatever the time of year, the wild world is out there just waiting to be explored